If you spent a day at Sherlock, you’d hear us throwing these terms around as often as “coffee” and “SaaS” (very well, perhaps less than “coffee”). But what does Activation mean? What does Engagement mean? How are they related? What’s the difference?
Quite excellent questions!
Here’s our CEO, Derek Skaletsky, on the topic.
Let’s begin with Activation (Rate)
n. A static measurement of how far along a user or account is in their journey toward “first value” or the “aha” moment where they realize how great your product is. n. An indicator of how far along someone is to becoming a product qualified lead
There are a few things a user would need to do to get set up in your product and get value out of it. These things vary based on the product. Let’s say you’re a modern SaaS company with a GSuite plugin for email collaboration. Your Activation steps might look like this:
Here’s an obvious fact that follows: Activation rate is just the percentage of steps completed. That means if an account or user has done 2 out of the 5 steps above, they are 20% Activated.
They are 20% of the way to hitting first value with your product. Excellent!
In Sherlock, you can see an account or user’s Activation rate in a few places. The full Activation checklist is on the left side of any account or user detail page, and the Activation rate is visible on any user or account overview (because it’s such an important metric!) Additionally, you can see Activation rates in other platforms you’ve integrated with Sherlock — Intercom, Slack, and Hubspot being among them.
Activation rate is quite important in the early phases of the user journey, especially if you have a freemium version or free trial. In that case Activation, occasionally combined with firmographic criteria, is the best indicator of when a trial account is ready for an interaction with your sales team. (It becomes even more important when you have a large number of trials and your Sales team needs ones to focus on.)
But that doesn’t mean that Activation is no longer important after the free trial is up. Post-sale, Activation gives your Customer Success team a way to measure how far along the account is in the on-boarding process and what steps each user needs to complete to be fully on-boarded onto the product.
Sales teams have always known this. Just look at how any CRM is organized. Marketers know this. That’s why ABM has taken off in recent years. SaaS businesses sell to other businesses — your product is used by teams. You operate at the account-level.
Why wouldn’t you track Activation the same way? You would track it the same way. But accounts are made of users.
There are some Activation criteria that the account needs to do. For example, adding a certain number of team members to the account. On the other hand, there are some Activation criteria that a single user needs to do to become Activated. Think actions like setting up a profile or creating an individualized template. To truly understand how far along an account is on the path to Activation, you need to understand both the account Activation and the Activation rate of the individual users on the account.
n. An over time measurement of how much a user or account is using your product
This is all about the events (or actions) a user or account can take in your product. As you are well aware (surely), there are several things that one might do in any given SaaS product. Some of these things are more important than others. Login, for example, is not that important. Sure, everyone does it, but how much value does someone get from logging in?
An obvious fact, that — not a lot.
Creating a report, however, is more valuable. A user would certainly derive more value from creating a report than logging in. (This is, of course, assuming you have the sort of SaaS app where creating a report is part of the value.) There are events that are likely even more valuable than creating a report and similarly events that are less valuable than creating a report.
So to get a good sense of how engaged a user is with your product, you need to collect all the (at least somewhat) important events that one might do in your product and weight them accordingly. Then, you need to do some math to find the engagement score for both users and accounts.
Yet another obvious fact — all the time! In all seriousness, there are several things an engagement score can tell you.
It surfaces accounts that are at risk and ones that are ready for an up-sell.
It shows you which users on an account are going to be internal champions for your brand.
It gives you an indication of which accounts might be good to reach out to when it comes time to build out your social proof
But most importantly, and partly because it is over time, the engagement score offers singular insights into the overall health of your business. If it’s on a downward trend, it could indicate you need to make some changes. A graph with a positive slope means you’re doing something right!
At-a-Glance: Activation vs. Engagement
Static metric to determine how far a user/account has progressed
Over time metric for assessing how much a user or account is using your product
Use it at the beginning of the customer journey – both pre and post-sale
Important to track across the entire customer lifecycle
Trends are essential for identifying risks and opportunities
You’ve decided you need PQLs for your SaaS business (because you’re a modern SaaS pro).
Now all you need is a process to find product qualified leads.
Before you start looking at data to find PQLs, get your free trial into the hands of future customers
If you’re a SaaS business (you are, aren’t you?), you’ve likely already got a free trial or a freemium version of your product. If you don’t, stop reading now.
Customers love trying products before they buy them and the emergence of the Software-as-a-Service business model has made that exceedingly prevalent. Now all you need to do is get people to sign up. Get users to try your product, see what they say and if it’s good (it is good, isn’t it?), they’ll surely join the ranks of your other PQLs.
The key to going from dizzying numbers to PQLs: Define what makes someone a PQL
As you may already know, the first step in finding something is defining it. Want to find a product qualified lead (who doesn’t)? You need to know what makes a user “product qualified.”
By definition, a PQL is a lead that has been successful with your product during a free trial period. But what does success mean for your SaaS product?
Generally speaking, it’s a combination of two things:
Activation: Is the trial account all set up? Have they reached first value?
Engagement: How engaged is a lead during the trial? How often are they using the product, especially the core features?
Here’s how you find the answers to these questions for your SaaS business:
Set up a system for keeping tabs on your product data
Define Activation criteria for your product (don’t forget to track it too!)
Rank Activated trials by engagement
Do all of this at the account level
Bonus: Get the gong ready
Set up a system for tracking your product data
It’s elementary: You have to track product data if you want to qualify leads based on product usage. We’re not talking about an extensive audit — just focus on events that are important for setting up a new account and events that are core to your product.
Define Activation criteria for your product (don’t forget to track it too!)
You don’t have a PQL until your lead gets the product set up and reaches “first value.” That’s called being “Activated.”
Try this thought exercise to define Activation for your SaaS business
Suppose you have a user (let’s call him Watson) who sets up a trial so he could give your product a go. You gave him some breathing room — excellent. But how do you know when Watson is “Activated”?
Grab a few of your team members (the more, the better) and ask them:
What are the three, four, five (maybe even six!) specific actions that allow a new account or user to experience “first value?” Is it inviting a team member? Creating a new workspace? Something that’s completely singular to your business? (Clue: If you’re an analytics tool your Activation criteria might be something like connecting data and creating a report.)
These actions are your Activation checklist. And because you’re diligently tracking product data (you are, aren’t you?), you’ll be able to track Activation progress for each of your accounts. You’ll be able to answer questions like: How many of my five Activation steps has my latest signup completed? What is the average Activation rate for this month’s signups?
Who should my sales team focus on?
Rank Activated trials by engagement
Create an engagement scoring model for your product and measure how engaged your accounts are. Compare them. Rank them. Look for trials that are not only more Activated, but also more engaged. The ones that are high on both axes are closer to being product qualified. The ones that are lower — not so much. This is how you can make a PQL spectrum. This is how your sales team can really start directing their actions intelligently.
A little tip: Creating an engagement scoring model is not a simple task. You’ll need to rank your product events based on how important they are and then keep tabs on the number of times each account uses your important features over time. Remember, “last active” and “login” are not acceptable substitutes for real engagement.
This is of the utmost importance. You’re a SaaS business. You sell to accounts — not just individual users. While a single user will sign-up for a trial, multiple users will work together to make the account “Activated” and engaged during the trial period. Multiple stakeholders in a company make the purchasing decision.
So why would you track product data at the user-level and not the account-level? It’s even more so when you’re tracking PQLs. PQLs are accounts, not users. You’re selling to accounts, your leads are accounts — you need to track accounts.
This is all very well, but how do you turn this information into revenue?
You know what a PQL is — excellent! You even know how to find PQLs using your product data — exceedingly excellent! Now you need to take action. Track Activation for every account during the trial period, get PQLs to your sales team. Ring the gong!
Ah, the digital age — computers, chrome and software all over the place. Indeed, software revolutionized the way we do business, but the SaaS revenue model revolutionized the software business. For customers, the benefits of the SaaS model were clear. It brought lower costs, lower commitment risk, and a try-before-you-buy model, which gave customers a remarkable opportunity to assess a product before making a purchase. Indeed, the benefit is so clear that a 2017 study conducted by BetterCloud found that 86% of organizations estimate that 80% of their business apps will be delivered through the SaaS model by 2022.
For software businesses, on the other hand, the SaaS model presented an entirely new way to build, distribute, market, sell, and support a software product. It literally affected every single part of a software operation. But the most significant change that the SaaS model brought — the one at the root of all the other changes — was the SaaS revenue model.
The Three Phases of the SaaS Revenue Model
Before SaaS (let’s call that time the Age of Sales), the software revenue model was transactional and all that mattered was the initial sale of the software product. Big, fancy salesmen sold long-term deals for one, two, even five million dollars a pop. Done. Hands dusted, gong rung, contract signed — all the revenue that was going to come from that deal had been generated.
Enter the SaaS revenue model. It swapped the single point of revenue with three essential phases (and it couldn’t have come at a better time):
Initial sale → Retention → Expansion
SaaS Revenue Model Phase 1: The Initial Sale
It still exists! And it’s still an essential part of the SaaS revenue model. “Closing” an initial sales includes everything from a simple self-serve upgrade to an annual contract shepherded by an inside salesperson.
If you play this phase well and show strong initial sales growth, you’ll get somewhere with your SaaS business. You’ll probably be able to raise some money, maybe even have a mini-brand — excellent! But wait — don’t ring the gong just yet. These days, an initial sale brings in far less revenue than in the traditional SaaS revenue model.
It’s still extremely important — you need a flow of new customers — but you also need to move on to…
SaaS Revenue ModelPhase 2: Retention Revenue
“You mean we have to keep them happy?!? ! Forever??”
– Early SaaS pioneer
Quite so, Mr. Early SaaS Pioneer. There’s a new (SaaS) revenue model in town.
Most early players, however, maintain the sales-first mentality even though they’re selling much smaller, month-to-month deals. They’re celebrating the initial sale disproportionately (and have been for years).
Not everyone, though. Some SaaS companies quickly realized the importance of retention. Indeed, they saw that an initial sale didn’t matter much if a new account canceled three, six — even 12 months later. They realized they couldn’t possibly sustain growth if they churned the customers they brought in. These people know how to play the game of SaaS.
Today’s SaaS pros realize that retention is the biggest revenue opportunity in SaaS. An initial sale might get you $500 in the bank when you convert that deal. But retention, retention will bring in that amount times the number of months the account stays active. And why? Here’s some fast math on that point:
1 month (initial sale): $500
x 12 months = $6k
x 24 months = $12k
x 36 months = $24k
Indeed, the revenue opportunity from retention is exponentially larger than the initial sale. Execute well in this second phase, my friend, and you will build a solid, sustainable SaaS business. Excellent!
But wait (there’s more) — if you want to build a great SaaS business, crush the competition, and have a shot at an IPO, you’ll have to master the third phase of the SaaS revenue model: Expansion.
SaaS Revenue ModelPhase 3: Expansion Revenue
Often overlooked, always important — this is where the true secret to SaaS growth lies. Savvy SaaS teams quickly realized that they could drive revenue growth by expanding existing accounts. Upsells, cross-sells, and any any other sells that could generate additional revenue from existing customers became SaaS staples. And it worked, mainly because the opportunity for second-order revenue was huge.
Just look at what happens when a SaaS company masters this phase:
And why? Expansion revenue is the root of the most magical of all SaaS metrics — Net Negative Churn.
What’s Net Negative Churn?
It’s simplicity itself! Here, take a look:
Churned Revenue – Expansion Revenue = Net Churn
Stay with us here. Churn is generally expressed as a positive number, so if expansion revenue exceeds it, then Net Churn is negative — that’s good. You don’t want churn, you want Net Negative Churn.
That way even if you never close another deal (who are we kidding, you’re a SaaS pro!), your business will continue to grow. Like magic.
You understand the realities of the three phases of SaaS revenue. Excellent! But that’s only half the battle. The other half is executing against it. You’ll need to shift the way you look at adoption, customer service, sales, and even marketing. Thanks to the SaaS model, the operations of software businesses are changing.
A Focus Shift for Your Sales Department
You’ve got a sales team. They might even be really good at what they do, but they’re going to require a makeover as SaaS companies tune-up their revenue model. In the old days, your sales team was singularly focused on identifying new prospects, pitching your solution to them, and closing the sale. While those goals still exist in a SaaS sales department, the department must shift its focus toward a more supportive role, especially in companies that offer a try-before-you-buy experience.
The Emergence of Customer Success
Once the early SaaS pioneers realized the importance of retention, they understood that the traditional post-sale approach wasn’t good enough. Building a strong retention revenue game is no longer about a reactive customer support approach, but more about building a proactive Customer Success operation.
A Customer Success operation that makes sure a SaaS product is properly adopted and integrated; one that drives education and oversees reactive support; A Customer Success operation to ultimately improve retention rates. Customer Success teams are no longer just passive caretakers of your client, but active drivers of revenue.
Enter the Chief Revenue Officer
Nowadays, SaaS pros (that’s you!) have come to understand the need for continuity across the three phases of the revenue model (that’s you, right?). If so, you need to replace the wall between your sales and customer success teams with a bridge. Siloing revenue responsibilities can lead to misaligned compensation systems, infighting, and an unhealthy revenue base.
What good is selling a new deal if you know it’s not a good long-term fit for the business? How do you coordinate your on-boarding efforts? How do you plan your expansion efforts?
These are the questions you need to ask if you want to win the game of SaaS. (You do, right?) Sophisticated SaaS leaders have realized this and are starting to organize Sales and CS under a single management point, a new role — the Chief Revenue Officer (CRO).
The CRO connects the full revenue lifecycle. She’s fully responsible for designing strategies and driving revenue growth across the three phases of SaaS revenue. Having one person responsible for that means no more throwing customers over the fence and forgetting about it, no more signing bad deals, no more churn (well, lower churn).
Product Engagement: The Key to Mastering the Three Phases of SaaS Revenue
The SaaS revenue model is absolutely dependent on product engagement. Product engagement tells us so much about our customers: who uses our solution? How do they use it? Where are they integrating? Where are they not integrating? You need to know the value you’re giving individual customers. You need to know how engaged they are — in every phase.
With this data on hand, SaaS companies can better prioritize where their marketing, sales and customer success teams spend their time and effort, maximizing their ability to create longstanding relationships with uniquely qualified customers and prospects.
Let’s examine the role product engagement plays in each revenue phase:
Product Engagement in the Initial Sales Phase
It’s a try-before-you-buy world. You offer a free-trial or a freemium option of your product, thinking it’ll give a customer the ability to use your product without ever talking to a salesperson. You’re right, but this also means that SaaS salespeople are almost always selling to accounts and users who have actually used the product.
Don’t waste that trial time by letting potential customers play around on their own. By measuring product engagement in this phase, tracking whether or not they are “activated”, and learning about which users on an account are getting the most value, you can ensure you’ll close the deal and go after the right leads.
For example, if you have 100 prospects in your system, a small sales team might be able to reliably focus on building relationships with 20 of them. Using engagement data to determine which of those 20 prospects that they should focus on not only helps to improve their success rates, but it sets the stage for improving retention and expansion revenue down the line. Product engagement is an essential component in the initial sales phase. In fact, the Product Qualified Lead (PQL) has become a key part of the sales process for many SaaS businesses. Measuring and qualifying potential sales based on how they are engaging with the product during a trial is more effective than any other form of qualification and helps to drive more efficiency in a sales process.
Product Engagement in the Retention Phase
This is where product engagement shines naturally. Every SaaS business has a small percentage of accounts that continue to pay even though they aren’t using the product. Sounds great? Not so much. It’s impossible to build a strong SaaS business on these customers. If they’re not engaged, they’re going to churn.
As a future SaaS superstar, you need to keep a sharp eye on overall engagement levels for your paid accounts while your customer success team needs to know:
The on-boarding progress of newly converted accounts;
The engagement and adoption rates of all key accounts;
Exactly which features are being adopted by each account and user;
Which paid accounts are showing drops in engagement;
Which users are showing drops in engagement
All of this data needs to be at the fingertips of your CS team if you are going to execute well during this retention phase. There can be no fishing, no guessing — no question.
Product Engagement in the Expansion Phase
This one’s elementary — unengaged accounts don’t expand. It doesn’t matter how many employees an account has, how many departments, how many different offices — if they aren’t using the product, then they aren’t going to expand.
Product engagement is a leading indicator of expansion revenue opportunities. Just as product engagement serves as an essential qualifier for new trial signups (i.e. PQLs), it also determines whether or not an account is prime for expansion.
Measuring product engagement levels of existing account users is a great way to identify expansion opportunities. User not using the product effectively? Don’t waste your time trying to convince them to expand. User loving your star feature? Give them a call and upsell.
In short, strong execution in the expansion phase is dependent on smart visibility to the engagement of your existing paid accounts.
Build a Winning SaaS Revenue Operation
In order to build a great SaaS revenue operation, there are three truths teams must accept:
SaaS revenue goes well beyond an initial sale. There are three essential phases of revenue and a SaaS business must execute well in all three phases in order to become great;
Building a management structure that provides continuity and strategic consistency across these three phases of revenue will ensure the best shot at success;
Product engagement is the key to winning the game of SaaS. Great SaaS operations understand this and find a way to bring this data to their team in the most actionable way possible. Great SaaS revenue models seamlessly integrate product engagement insights into every part of their customer facing operations.
Do you want to build a winning SaaS revenue operation and become a great SaaS organization? Try Sherlock today.
We find ourselves in what we consider the third epoch of the software industry — The Era of Engagement. It’s more than just a grandiose label, it’s why Sherlock exists, and why you need to focus on your product engagement if you want to grow revenue.
The Three Eras of Commercial Software
Generally speaking, we can say that there have been three major “Eras” of the commercial software business. For the purposes of this discussion, we will be talking exclusively about B2B software. We call them:
The Era of Sales (1990s)
The Era of Marketing (2000s)
The Era of Engagement (Now)
We named each era based on what mattered most to a software business during each period. Let’s dig in.
The Era of Sales (1990s)
We refer to this first period in the commercial software world as the Era of Sales because new sales were really all that mattered.
This was an on-prem world. The web was really just getting started. There was no “Cloud”, no way to sell your software online. During this period, any company that wanted to use a piece of software had to install that software on and serve it from their own servers.
During the Era of Sales, software was only sold to big companies. All software was enterprise software. It was sold in multi-year, multi-million dollar contracts by big, fancy salespeople with shiny shoes, $2,000 suits, and huge expense accounts.
Each deal was worth huge amounts of money, so you’re CAC could be as high as you needed.
The contracts lasted years and there was no easy way for negative word of mouth to spread — no forums, no G2 Crowd, no social media. Companies didn’t care how successful customers were with the product after the deal was closed.
There were very few (if any) options in any given software category, so switching costs were not really a factor.
All that really mattered was that a customer signed the contract and sent their check. Period.
During this epoch, a bad product with a great sales team could be very successful. If you were a software salesperson, these were your glory days.
The Era of Sales.
The Era of Marketing (2000s)
Enter the internet. It redefined what it meant to exist on this planet. The software industry did not go untouched.
For the software industry, the web greatly reduced the cost of distributing and implementing software. For the first time, software didn’t need to be sold by big, expensive salespeople or require months-long implementations on local servers. A buyer could find a product she liked, enter a credit card number, and start using it. Revolutionary, my friend.
The emergence of the Cloud and open source software also made it cheaper to actually build a software product. You could now build and distribute a software product with comparatively little (relative to the Era of Sales) investment in people or infrastructure. This resulted in more products in the market and a new business model that could support lower price points. A business model that would turn the industry on its head: the SaaS model.
Software-as-a-Service. The idea behind this model was to make purchasing software more analogous to a utility, like electricity. Use it, pay for it. Don’t use it, don’t pay for it. Gone were the days of the huge, multi-year contracts. With the SaaS model, buyers could subscribe to a software product on a monthly basis and decide to cancel a month later if they wanted.
Lower price points and no long-term commitments represented a complete 180-degree shift from software in the Era of Sales. This meant that each customer was not worth millions of dollars. In fact, far from it. More importantly, the revenue from this model was also far from guaranteed. So a company needed to be much more careful about how much they spent on acquiring each new customer.
In short, the SaaS model demanded more customers for less money.
Ultimately, this became the problem of the marketer. The key to the entire SaaS business model was efficiency in customer acquisition. It was an enormous challenge which ultimately led to the explosion of new marketing practices, strategies, tactics, and tools.
In this era, good marketing could cover up for a bad product — for a while, anyhow. At least for long enough to raise another VC round and keep you alive.
That’s the Era of Marketing. Things are getting complicated.
Here we are. This third epoch of the software industry is not necessarily the result of any major, transformative shifts like the web was to the Era of Marketing. Rather, it is a continuation and amplification of the trends established in the last era.
For example, open-source software has continued to improve and expand, as has Cloud infrastructure. Cloud delivery has become progressively cheaper, making it feasible for many people to launch new software products. Predictably, this has led to an explosion of new products (check out Product Hunt for a daily — yes, daily —list of new products hitting the market) and a virtually endless list of options for any software category.
This graphic famously shows the logos for products in the Martech space as of April 2018. Yes, just Martech:
There have been some other developments that are driving this age as well. For example:
The rise of social media and review sites such as G2 Crowd. These platforms have made it much easier for word-of-mouth feedback about a product to spread, whether positively or negatively.
More aggressive acquisition strategies. Companies have become more aggressive about their acquisition strategies, introducing not only free trial models but also free versions of their product (freemium models). In fact, it’s very hard to find a product today that doesn’t have some kind of free trial option. For those who lived through the Age of Sales, the idea of a business being able to use a piece of software for free is mind-blowing.
Easier access to data. Database integrations along brilliant services like SegmentandTray.io have made true data portability a reality for any company.
This is the reality of the modern software business. The truth is that building a product and getting people to try your product are now easier than ever, but actually getting people to actually pay for and stay loyal to your product has suddenly become harder than ever.
This is why product engagement is what matters most for today’s software businesses.
Late in the Era of Marketing, with the emergence and success of the SaaS model, people started to pay attention to product engagement. The idea that customer could (and would) stop paying for a product if she wasn’t using it became a concern. Product engagement was starting to become a concern in regards to how it impacted churn.
But in today’s age, product engagement is much more fundamentally important. Today, it is the main growth driver of a SaaS business. Without product engagement:
Trial (or free users) will never convert to paid
There will be no expansion across an organization
There is no word-of-mouth or salable sales
There is no retention
Not to mention the fact that, without product engagement, it is very difficult to raise funds. The days when you could raise your way out of bad product engagement are pretty much over.
Welcome to the Era of Engagement.
Survival and Success in the Era of Engagement
OK, so we’ve arrived in a new age of the software industry, one dependent on high levels of product engagement. So what can a new SaaS business do to thrive in these treacherous times?
Just like with any evolution, survival requires adaptation. It requires a recalibration on how you think about some of the major parts of your business. For new products and new companies, it takes an acknowledgment of what’s important in the current times and a plan to execute accordingly.
The move into the Era of Engagement requires a rethinking of:
The makeup of a modern SaaS organization
The tools needed to run the business
The KPIs that define the health of the business
A little more color…
The Modern SaaS Organization
Both the makeup and epicenter of software organizations have evolved quite a bit throughout the three ages of the industry.
In the Era of Sales, the most important department for a software business was—you guessed it—the Sales department. Sales teams ruled the roost. Top salespeople were worth their weight in gold (and paid about that). It wasn’t crazy to see more salespeople than engineers at a software company during this period. As the sales team went, so did the business.
Then, during the Era of Marketing, the focus shifted to the Marketing team. The best companies were the ones that figured out how to bring in the most leads at the lowest costs. These companies could better compete on price and/or earn better margins. During this time, marketers ran the show.
Now, during the Era of Engagement, the organizational focus has shifted again, but in a slightly problematic way. Product engagement has become essential for growth and success in this age, but there is no single department that owns product engagement. In fact, you could argue that everyone is, in some way, responsible for driving engagement in a SaaS business. But without getting too philosophical, there are definitely two departments that have emerged as the focus of operations in this age: Product and Customer Success.
These two teams have become the most important teams in a SaaS organization because they have the most impact on driving continuous product engagement. These teams are charged with identifying, building, and ensuring the adoption of the most engaging set of features possible. Together, these two teams are key to sustainable success in this Era of Engagement.
With each age of the software industry came a category of tools that were built to support the most important business processes of that age.
In the Era of Sales, the CRM emerged as the most important tool for any software business. Helping a sales team effectively manage deal flow was essential, as losing track of a single deal was very costly. As a result, the CRM became an absolutely essential tool for any operation.
The need for marketing efficiency in the Era of Marketing led to the emergence of marketing automationtools. Remember, during this age, price points started to drop in a big way. In order to build a sustainable business, it was imperative to drive down the cost of acquisition. This is where marketing automation tools came into play, quickly becoming a must-have for any software operation.
Now, the Era of Engagement demands a new category of tools—ones that help a company understand and drive product engagement throughout an entire customer journey. For lack of a better term, we’ll call these product engagement solutions. These are tools that help you track and understand your users, trigger in-app and email messaging, gather user feedback, deliver educational resources, manage support requests, and so on. This category of tools is young, but growing very quickly, and saavy SaaS companies are beginning to fully appreciate the importance of building a solid product engagement stack. In many ways, a full suite of product engagement tools are the first (and most important) tools most modern software companies will purchase.
Just like with key departments and tools, each age of the software business evolution has also demanded its own set of key metrics, or KPIs.
In the Era of Sales, the metric that drove a software business was bookings. At the end of each quarter, all that mattered was how many contracts were closed and for how much committed revenue and how much revenue was booked during the period.
In the Era of Marketing, CAC (Customer Acquisition Costs) emerged as a key metric. The focus was on how much you spent on marketing and sales to acquire a paying customer. This number simply had to be driven down by more and more efficient marketing. Companies that didn’t manage CAC during an age of lower selling prices simply didn’t make it very far.
Now, in the Era of Engagement, product engagement is the core KPI for any and all SaaS businesses. Product engagement is a leading indicator of paid conversions, retention, and general growth, and it needs to be measured and managed. It’s still early in this age, so not all companies have adopted product engagement as a KPI, but they should—and they will.
In the grand scheme of things, the software industry is an incredibly young industry. But despite its youth, it has already undergone tremendous change. Distilling these changes down to three major “ages” may be too broad of an approach, but at a high-level, it’s pretty accurate.
Evolution is often scary, and it comes with a great deal of ambiguity. The old rules no longer work and the new rules have yet to be written. They bring far more questions than answers and require new thinking and new approaches. Naturally, this creates risk and with risk comes anxiety.
But at the same time, evolution presents opportunity for those who are nimble enough to adapt, and for those who can start fresh without the limitations of the old ways; opportunities for those who can recognize the needs of the new market trends and build appropriate solutions.
And here we are. The shift toward product engagement is real. The most successful SaaS companies of this age have made product engagement their top priority. They have proved that, when done right, product engagement can go beyond churn prevention and can actually serve as the main growth driver of a SaaS business.
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